All flowers need some special care. But some need it more than others, like roses. Those who plant them or receive them usually want to keep them alive and blooming for a long time, because besides being beautiful, these flowers are also very delicate and fragrant. For this, it is absolutely essential to know how to plant roses and give them some particular attention. And that’s exactly what we’re going to discuss in the article below; we’ve gathered some basic tips on how to grow fabulous roses. Check it out!
Planting Tips for Roses
Roses should be planted in moist soil, preferably with clay soil. Pits should be 30 cm deep and the opening filled in little by little, with soil initially around the roots.
Always water when the sun is strongest, at noon, until the beginning of the flowering. Thereafter, water only during dry periods. It is recommended to apply fungicides when the first leaves appear, as the risk of diseases is higher.
Growing Roses in the Garden
Prepare the bed eight days before you start planting. Use 10 liters of natural topsoil and 10 liters of cattle or horse manure for at least 60 days. Add 100 grams of bone meal and mix well. Trowel the soil to a depth of 30 to 40 cm. Repeat fertilization in winter and summer, and always remove weeds from the bed.
Growing Roses in a Pot
If you want to know how to grow roses in a pot, always keep in mind that the size of the container should be proportional to the size of the rose. Apply a liquid fertilizer every two weeks, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
Ideal Temperature and Environment
Roses should be grown in a sunny (at least 6 to 7 hours of direct sunlight) and well-ventilated location. The ideal temperature for them to remain beautiful and healthy is between 25°C and 30°C.
Watering the plants is also very important and deserves some special advice if you want to know how to plant roses properly. The first tip is that after planting the seedlings, until the first flowering, the roses must be watered every day.
After that, it is necessary to water them twice a week in winter and twice a week when it is very hot. The soil should be kept a little dry between waterings.
It is recommended to do 2 to 3 annual fertilization. The first one should be done right after the annual pruning. The second should be done between November and December. And the third fertilization can be done between January and February.
In addition, it is worth remembering that the best fertilization is organic, based on animal manure, organic compost, bone meal and castor oil cake. The fertilizer should be spread with a good distance between the stem and the roots.
The first pruning should be done one year after planting and repeated every year. The best time to prune roses is between July and August.
After the first flowering, it is necessary to perform a cleaning pruning, cutting two to three leaves below the bud, always diagonally. Pruning is necessary to keep the roses blooming and growing well.
The most common pests are aphids, followed by spider mites, trips, mealy bugs and mealy bugs. These pests are controlled with specific insecticides, but you can also use smoke syrup, which is homemade and less toxic.
The main cause of serious diseases in roses are fungi, such as mildew, black spot, white mold, Botrytis and rust, which appear due to excess moisture. To combat them, specific fungicides can be used, preferably with the advice of a professional.
Have you already started growing your roses? Share your experience with them in the comment section below.